Where in Africa do I get to see

Aardvark

This is where this animal is found. Places where we go on safari
  • Tongues can be up to

    12

    in. long

  • Give birth to

    1

    newborn every year

  • Can dig

    2

    feet in 15 seconds

  • Scientific Name

    Orycteropus afer
  • Weight

    88 to 143 lb.
  • Size

    24 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 23 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Dry savanna
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    7 months
  • Predators

    Humans, lions, leopards, hyenas, pythons
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

African hare / African savannah hare

  • Native to more than

    25

    African Countries

  • Can leap up to

    10

    ft.

  • Ears are more than

    4

    in. long

  • Scientific Name

    Lepus microtis
  • Weight

    4 lb.
  • Size

    20 in. long
  • Life span

    12 years
  • Habitat

    Wooded savanna
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Predators

    all the big cats, jackals, hyenas, birds of prey, humans, snakes. Any carnivore that can take them down.
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

African wild dog / African painted dog

  • Approximately

    6,600

    remain in the wild

  • Endangered for more than

    20

    years

  • Pack range can cover

    900

    square miles

  • Scientific Name

    Lycaon pictus
  • Weight

    55 to 70 lb.
  • Size

    30 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    10 to 12 years
  • Habitat

    Dense forest to open plains
  • Diet

    Carnivorous
  • Gestation

    2.5 months
  • Rivals / Enemies

    Humans
  • Conservation Status

    Endangered

Baboon

  • Baboons use more than

    30

    distinct vocalizations

  • There are

    5

    species of baboon

  • Troops can have up to

    300

    members

  • Scientific Name

    Olive baboon (Papio anubis) Yellow baboon (Papio cynocephalus)
  • Weight

    55 to 100 lb.
  • Size

    14 to 30 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    20 to 30 years
  • Habitat

    Savannas and woodlands
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    6 months
  • Predators

    Nile crocodiles, lions, spotted and striped hyenas, leopards
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Bat ( straw-coloured fruit bat)

  • Live in groups of

    100k

    or more

  • Listed in

    2008

    as 'near threatened'

  • Gestate for up to

    125

    Days

  • Scientific Name

    Eidolon helvum
  • Weight

    9 to 11 oz.
  • Size

    Up to 30 in. wingspan
  • Life span

    20 to 30 years
  • Habitat

    Savannas and lowland rain forests
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    100 to 125 days
  • Predators

    Potential predators of the straw-coloured fruit bat include snakes, carnivorous birds such as owls, crows and buzzards, and mammals
  • Conservation Status

    Near Threatened

Bat-eared Fox

  • Termites make up

    80%

    of their diet

  • Native to more than

    10

    African countries

  • There are

    2

    distinct populations

  • Scientific Name

    Octocyon megalotis
  • Weight

    7 to 12 lb.
  • Size

    18 to 26 in. long
  • Life span

    13 years
  • Habitat

    Open plains, savannas, grasslands
  • Diet

    Insectivorous
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened
  • Gestation

    60 to 70 days
  • Predators

    large carnivores such as lions, leopards, cheetahs, brown and spotted hyenas and African wild dogs

Bongo

  • Horns can grow up to

    40

    in. long

  • Population has declined

    20%

    over three generations

  • There are

    2

    subspecies of bongo

  • Scientific Name

    Tragelaphus eurycerus
  • Weight

    500 to nearly 900 lb.
  • Size

    50 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 19 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Dense forest
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    About 9 months
  • Predators

    Humans, hyenas, leopards, lions
  • Conservation Status

    Near Threatened

Bonobo / Pygmy chimpanzees

  • Only

    100k

    Bonobos remain

  • Habitat sustainable for

    10

    years

  • Population spread across

    6

    habitats

  • Scientific Name

    Pan paniscus
  • Weight

    Males: 85 lb./38.5 kg
    Females: 65 lb./29.5 kg
  • Size

    Males: Up to 4 ft.
    Females: Up to 3.5 ft.
  • Life span

    60 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Lowland rain forest
  • Diet

    Frugivorous
  • Gestation

    About 7.5 months
  • Predators/enemies

    Humans, Large Primates, Crocodiles
  • Conservation Status

    Endangered

Buffalo

  • Global population of

    900K

    estimated

  • There are

    4

    subspecies of African buffalo

  • Protected areas hold

    75%

    of buffalo population

  • Scientific Name

    Syncerus caffer
  • Weight

    1,500 lb.
  • Size

    3.3 to 5.4 ft. at shoulder
  • Life span

    20 years
  • Habitat

    Dense forest to open plains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    11 to 12 months
  • Predators

    Humans and lions
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Bush Baby

  • Have up to

    18

    distinct vocalizations

  • There are

    6

    subspecies of bush baby

  • Native to more than

    25

    African countries

  • Scientific Name

    Galago
  • Weight

    5 to 10 oz.
  • Size

    7 to 8 in.
  • Life span

    Up to 14 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Woodlands and bushlands
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    4 months
  • Predators

    Eagles, owls, genets, and large snakes
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Bushbuck

  • Native to

    40

    African countries

  • Population of

    1.3

    million estimated

  • Horns begin to grow at

    10

    months old

  • Scientific Name

    Tragelaphus scriptus
  • Weight

    90 to 180 lb.
  • Size

    25 to 35 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    12+ years
  • Habitat

    Deep forest
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    About 6 months
  • Predators

    Leopards and humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Cheetah

  • Population has decreased

    30%

    over the last 18 years

  • Only

    7,500

    adults remain in the wild

  • Approximately

    50 to 75%

    of cubs die within months

  • Scientific Name

    Acinonyx jubatus
  • Weight

    110 to 140 lb.
  • Size

    30 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    10 to 20 years
  • Habitat

    Open plains
  • Diet

    Carnivorous
  • Gestation

    90 to 95 days
  • Rivals/enemies

    Humans and large carnivores such as lions, leopards, cheetahs, brown and spotted hyenas and African wild dogs
  • Conservation Status

    Vulnerable

Chimpanzee

  • Population of

    300K

    in the wild

  • Communities include up to

    150

    individuals

  • Become independent at

    4

    years old

  • Scientific Name

    Pan troglodytes
  • Weight

    55 to 110 lb.
  • Size

    About 4 ft. tall
  • Life span

    Up to 50 years
  • Habitat

    Forest
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    8 months
  • Predators

    Humans and leopards
  • Conservation Status

    Endangered

Colobus Monkey

  • Live in groups of

    9

    members

  • There are

    5

    subspecies

  • Native to more than

    15

    African countries

  • Scientific Name

    Angolan black-and-white colobus (Colobus angolensis) Eastern black-and-white colobus (Colobus guereza)
  • Weight

    15 to 30 lb.
  • Size

    30 in. long
  • Life span

    Up to 20 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Forest
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    About 6 months
  • Predators

    Leopards, large eagles, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Dik Dik

  • Males have small

    3

    inch horns

  • There are

    5

    recognized species

  • Reach speeds up to

    42

    km (26 mi) an hour

  • Scientific Name

    Madoqua Kirkii
  • Weight

    10 to 12 lb.
  • Size

    14 to 16 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    3 to 4 years, 10 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Dense forest to open plains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    6 months
  • Predators

    lizards, caracals, lions, hyenas, wild dogs and humans, leopards, cheetahs, jackals, baboons, eagles, hawks and pythons.
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Duiker

  • There are

    21

    species of duiker

  • Only an estimated

    640

    Ader’s duikers remain

  • Yellow duikers can reach

    175

    pounds

  • Scientific Name

    Blue duiker (Cephalophus monticla) Yellow-backed duiker (Cephalophus silvicultor) Bush duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia)
  • Weight

    Dependent on subspecies
  • Size

    Dependent on subspecies
  • Life span

    Up to 12 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Forest and bush
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    5 to 7 months
  • Predators

    Humans, eagles, lions, and leopards
  • Conservation Status

    Critically Endangered

Dwarf Mongoose

  • Found in areas up to

    2,000

    meters in altitude

  • Their range can cover

    75

    acres

  • Live in groups of

    15

    or less

  • Scientific Name

    Helogale parvula
  • Weight

    1 lb.
  • Size

    8 to 12 in. long
  • Life span

    Up to 8 years
  • Habitat

    Forest and semiarid areas
  • Diet

    Carnivorous
  • Gestation

    50 to 54 days
  • Predators

    Birds of prey, snakes
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Eland

  • Native to more than

    15

    African countries

  • Can live up to

    25

    years in captivity

  • Of the population,

    50%

    live on protected land

  • Scientific Name

    Taurotragus oryx
  • Weight

    1,300 to 1,500 lb.
  • Size

    About 70 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    15 to 20 years
  • Habitat

    Open plains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    About 280 days
  • Predators

    Humans, lion
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Elephant

  • Native to

    37

    African countries

  • Approximately

    415k

    remain

  • Yearly

    8%

    of population is poached

  • Scientific Name

    Loxodonta africana
  • Weight

    3.5 to 6.5 tn. (7,000 to 13,200 lb.)
  • Size

    Up to 11 ft. tall
  • Life span

    60 to 70 years
  • Habitat

    Dense forests to open plains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    About 22 months
  • Predators

    Humans, lion
  • Conservation Status

    Vulnerable

Elephant Shrew / Jumping Shrews

  • There are a total of

    17

    recognized species

  • Listed as 'vulnerable' in

    1996

    by IUCN

  • Native to more than

    6

    African countries

  • Scientific Name

    Rhynchocyon cirnei
  • Weight

    Up to 1.5 lb.
  • Size

    9 to 12 in. long, not including tail
  • Life span

    2 to 4 years
  • Habitat

    Dense forest to open plains
  • Diet

    Insectivorous
  • Gestation

    Less than 2 months
  • Predators

    Snakes, birds of prey
  • Conservation Status

    Near Threatened

Ethiopian Wolf

  • Found in

    7

    isolated enclaves

  • Fewer than

    600

    Adult individuals remaining

  • Annually, only about

    60%

    of dominant females breed successfully

  • Scientific Name

    Canis simensis
  • Weight

    24-41 lbs.
  • Size

    53–62 cm. tall
  • Life span

    Up to 10 years
  • Habitat

    Dense forest to open plains
  • Diet

    Grasslands, rocky areas and shrublands
  • Gestation

    60–62 days
  • Predators

    Humans
  • Conservation Status

    Endangered

Fischer’s Lovebird

  • Can weigh up to

    58

    grams

  • Gather into flocks of

    +/-200

    individuals

  • Discovered in the

    19th

    century

  • Scientific Name

    Agapornis fischeri
  • Weight

    Up to 58 grams
  • Size

    12.7 to 15 cm. tall
  • Life span

    Up to 25 years
  • Habitat

    Grasslands and savannas
  • Diet

    Mostly granivorous
  • Gestation

    21-23 days
  • Predators

    Lanner falcon
  • Conservation Status

    Near Threatened

Forest Elephant

  • Found in

    4

    countries

  • More than

    60%

    poached in last decade

  • Inhabit just

    25%

    of their historic range

  • Scientific Name

    Loxodonta cyclotis
  • Weight

    2.7 – 6 tons
  • Size

    Up to 6 ft.
  • Life span

    60 – 70 years
  • Habitat

    Forests
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    22-24 months
  • Predators

    Humans
  • Conservation Status

    Endangered

Geleda / Bleeding-Heart Monkey

  • There are

    3

    subspecies of the gelada

  • Geladas spend roughly

    99%

    of their time on the ground

  • About

    200k

    exist in the wild

  • Scientific Name

    Theropithecus gelada
  • Weight

    13-21 kg (28.6 to 46.2 lbs)
  • Size

    50 to 74 cm tall (19.7 to 29.1 in)
  • Life span

    Up to 19 years
  • Habitat

    Mountain grasslands, mountains
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    150 to 180 days
  • Predators

    Leopards, hyenas, feral dogs, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Genet

  • Native to more than

    25

    African countries

  • Eyes won’t open for

    10

    days after birth

  • Weigh less than

    3

    ounces at birth

  • Scientific Name

    Large-spotted genet (Genetta tigrina) Forest genet (Genetta servalina) Common genet (Genetta genetta)
  • Weight

    4.5 lb.
  • Size

    Approximately 20 in. long
  • Life span

    About 8 years in the wild
  • Habitat

    Various
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    About 75 days
  • Predators

    Owls, leopards, pythons, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Gerenuk / Giraffe Gazelle

  • An estimated

    95k

    remain

  • Live across

    4

    different countries

  • Females range on more than

    2

    square miles of territory

  • Scientific Name

    Litocranius walleri
  • Weight

    80 to 115 lb.
  • Size

    35 to 40 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 13 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Woodland forest to open plains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    About 7 months
  • Predators

    Humans, wild dogs, cheetahs, leopards, lions, jackals
  • Conservation Status

    Near Threatened

Giraffe

  • An estimated

    95k

    remain

  • Live across

    4

    different countries

  • Females range on more than

    2

    square miles of territory

  • Scientific Name

    Litocranius walleri
  • Weight

    80 to 115 lb.
  • Size

    35 to 40 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 13 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Woodland forest to open plains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    About 7 months
  • Predators

    Humans, wild dogs, cheetahs, leopards, lions, jackals
  • Conservation Status

    Near Threatened

Grant’s Gazelle

  • Native to

    6

    African countries

  • Protected areas house

    30%

    of the population

  • A total population of

    140K

    is estimated

  • Scientific Name

    Nanger granti
  • Weight

    100 to 145 lb.
  • Size

    30 to 36 in.
  • Life span

    12 years
  • Habitat

    Open grass plains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    7 months
  • Predators

    Humans, all major predators
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Grevy’s Zebra / Imperial Zebra

  • Can run up to

    40

    miles per hour

  • Population decline of

    50%

    In the last two decades

  • Approximately

    2000

    Grevy's zebras left

  • Scientific Name

    Equus grevyi
  • Weight

    770 to 990 lb.
  • Size

    50 to 60 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    20 years
  • Habitat

    Grasslands and savannas
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    13 months
  • Predators

    Lions, cheetahs, hyenas, hunting dogs, leopards, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Endangered

Hartebeest / kongoni

  • There are a total of

    8

    recognized subspecies

  • Estimated population of

    360K

    hartebeest

  • Native to more than

    25

    African countries

  • Scientific Name

    Alcelaphus buselaphus
  • Weight

    220 to 560 lb.
  • Size

    5 ft. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    12 to 15 years
  • Habitat

    Open plains and grassland
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    8 months
  • Predators

    Cheetahs, jackals, lions, hyenas, leopards, hunting dogs, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Hedgehog

  • There are

    17

    species of hedgehog

  • There are approximately

    6,000

    quills on a hedgehog

  • Their home range is

    120

    yards from its nest

  • Scientific Name

    Atelerix albiventris
  • Weight

    1 to 2 lb.
  • Size

    7 to 9 in. long
  • Life span

    Up to 10 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    A variety of climates and terrains
  • Diet

    Insectivorous
  • Gestation

    Between 35 and 58 days depending on the species
  • Predators

    Large birds, most carnivores
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Hippopotamus

  • Native to

    29

    African countries

  • Hippos often weigh only

    55

    pounds when born

  • More than

    95%

    of population lost in DRC

  • Scientific Name

    Hippopotamus amphibius
  • Weight

    Up to 3.5 tn.
  • Size

    13-ft. long and 5-ft. tall
  • Life span

    50 years
  • Habitat

    Rivers and swamps
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    About 8 months
  • Predators

    Humans, lions, crocodiles
  • Conservation Status

    Vulnerable

Hyena

  • There are

    3

    subspecies of hyena

  • Estimated population of

    10k

    mature individuals

  • Clans can grow to

    80

    individuals

  • Scientific Name

    Crocuta crocuta (spotted hyena)
  • Weight

    90 to 190 lb.
  • Size

    28 to 35 in. tall
  • Life span

    Up to 25 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Savannas, grasslands, woodlands, forest edges, subdeserts, and mountains up to 13,000 ft.
  • Diet

    Carnivorous
  • Gestation

    90 to 110 days
  • Rivals / Enemies

    Lions, leopards, cheetahs, African wild dogs
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Hyena

  • There are more than

    5

    recognized subspecies

  • Native to more than

    25

    African countries

  • Live in colonies of

    25

    members

  • Scientific Name

    Rock hyrax (Procavia capensis) Yellow-spotted hyrax (Heterohyrax brucei) Tree hyrax (Dendrohyrax dorsalis) Bush hyrax (Heterohyrax brucei)
  • Weight

    4 to 11 lb.
  • Size

    12 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 12 years
  • Habitat

    Dry savanna to dense rain forest
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    7 months
  • Predators

    Leopards, pythons, large birds, servals, civlets
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Impala

  • Protected areas house

    25%

    of the population

  • Native to more than

    10

    African countries

  • There are

    2

    subspecies

  • Scientific Name

    Aepyceros melampus
  • Weight

    100 to 135 lb.
  • Size

    28 to 36 in. tall
  • Life span

    12 years
  • Habitat

    Savannas and light woodlands
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    Between 6 and 7 months
  • Predators

    Lions, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, hunting dogs, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Jackal

  • There are

    3

    species of African jackal

  • Pups are independent at

    6

    months old

  • Jackals have

    1

    mate for life

  • Scientific Name

    Common jackal (Canis aureus) Side-striped jackal (Canis adustus) Black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas)
  • Weight

    15 to 35 lb.
  • Size

    15 to 20 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    10 to 12 years
  • Habitat

    Open and wooded savanna
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    About 2 months
  • Predators

    Leopards, hyenas, eagles
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Kob

  • Native to more than

    15

    African countries

  • Regionally extinct in

    3

    African countries

  • Live in groups of

    40

    or less

  • Scientific Name

    Kobus kob
  • Weight

    140 to 200 lb.
  • Size

    40 to 45 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    20 years
  • Habitat

    Grasslands, floodplains, or savanna woodlands
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    8 months
  • Predators

    Large carnivores, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Kudu

  • There are

    2

    subspecies of kudu

  • Approximately

    118k

    lesser kudu remain

  • Lesser Kudu can run up to

    62

    miles per hour

  • Scientific Name

    Greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) Lesser kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis)
  • Weight

    420 to 600 lb. (greater kudu) 130 to 220 lb. (lesser kudu)
  • Size

    55 in. at the shoulder (greater kudu) 35 to 43 in. at the shoulder (lesser kudu)
  • Life span

    7 to 8 years in the wild, up to 23 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Dense brush or forest
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Conservation Status

    Near Threatened
  • Gestation

    Up to 9 months
  • Predators

    Leopards, hunting dogs, spotted hyenas, humans, lion , cheetah

Leopard

  • Listed as 'vulnerable' in

    1986

    by IUCN

  • There are

    9

    recognized subspecies

  • Native to more than

    35

    African countries

  • Scientific Name

    Panthera pardus
  • Weight

    Up to 140 lb.
  • Size

    About 28 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 21 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Bush and riverine forest
  • Diet

    Carnivorous
  • Gestation

    2.5 months
  • Rivals / Enemies

    lions, spotted and brown hyena, cheetahs,African wild dogs
  • Conservation Status

    Near Threatened

Lion

  • Population decreased

    42%

    in 21 years

  • Regionally extinct in

    7

    African countries

  • Declared as 'vulnerable' in

    1996

    by IUCN

  • Scientific Name

    Panthero Leo
  • Weight

    330 to 500+ lb.
  • Size

    48 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    10 to 14 years in the wild; up to 20 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Grassy plains and open woodlands
  • Diet

    Carnivorous
  • Gestation

    About 105 days
  • rivals / enemies

    leopards, cheetahs,African wild dogs and hyena
  • Conservation Status

    Vulnerable

Mountain Gorilla

  • Less than

    1,000

    remain today

  • Live in

    4

    national parks

  • Lifespan of

    40-50

    years

  • Scientific Name

    Gorilla beringei beringei
  • Weight

    Males: Up to 400 lbs.
    Females: 215 lbs
  • Size

    Males: up to 6-ft. tall
    Females: up to 5-ft. tall
  • Life span

    40 to 50 years
  • Habitat

    Dense forest, rain forest
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    About 8.5 months
  • Predators

    Predominately humans, occasionally leopards
  • Conservation Status

    Critically Endangered

Oryx

  • Live in herds of up to

    600

    animals

  • Population of

    373k

    individuals

  • Private land holds

    45%

    of the population

  • Scientific Name

    Oryx gazella
  • Weight

    250 to 390 lb.
  • Size

    47 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 20 years
  • Habitat

    Dry plains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    8.5 months
  • Predators

    Lions, hyenas, African
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Ostrich

  • Native to more than

    25

    African countries

  • Ostriches’ eyes are

    2

    inches across

  • Eggs can weigh

    3

    pounds

  • Scientific Name

    Struthio camelus
  • Weight

    140 to 320 lb.
  • Size

    Up to 9 ft. tall
  • Life span

    40 years
  • Habitat

    Semiarid plains and woodlands
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened
  • Gestation

    35 to 45 days
  • Predators

    Humans, cheetahs, lions, leopards, hunting dogs, spotted hyena

Pangolin / Scaly Anteater

  • There are

    4

    African species of pangolin

  • Scales make up for

    20%

    of a pangolin’s weight

  • Native to

    15

    African countries

  • Scientific Name

    Giant Pangolin (Smutsia gigantea) Tree Pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) Ground Pangolin (Manis temminckii) Long-tailed Pangolin (Phataginus tetradactyla)
  • Weight

    30 to 40 lb. (Common Pangolin)
  • Size

    12 to 39 in. long depending on the species
  • Life span

    20 years
  • Habitat

    Dense forest to forested savannas
  • Diet

    Insectivorous
  • Gestation

    5 months
  • Predators

    Leopards, hyenas, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Vulnerable

Porcupine

  • Native to more than

    30

    African countries

  • Their quills are up to

    14

    inches long

  • Can weigh up to

    60

    pounds

  • Scientific Name

    Hystrix cristata
  • Weight

    Approximately 44 lb.
  • Size

    About 30 in. long
  • Life span

    Up to 20 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Hilly, rocky country
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    About 112 days
  • Predators

    Pythons, leopards, large owls
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Ratel / Honey Badger

  • Native to more than

    20

    African countries

  • There are

    12

    recognized subspecies

  • Ratel’s skin is nearly

    0.25

    inches thick

  • Scientific Name

    Mellivora capensis
  • Weight

    25+ lb.
  • Size

    10 in. tall
  • Life span

    Up to 24 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Dense forest to open plains
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    6 months
  • Predators

    Humans, lions, leopards, cheetahs,African wild dogs and hyenas
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Rhinoceros

  • There are

    2

    species of African rhino

  • Rhinos can gallop up to

    30

    miles per hour

  • Black rhino population down

    97.6%

    since 1960

  • Scientific Name

    Black: Diceros bicornis White: Ceratotherium simum
  • Weight

    Black: 1 to 1.5 tn. (2,000 to 3,000 lb.) White: More than 2 tn. (4,000+ lb.)
  • Size

    About 60 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    35 to 40 years
  • Habitat

    Grassland and open savanna
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    16 months
  • Predators

    Humans
  • Conservation Status

    Critically Endangered

Roan Antelope

  • Can run up to

    35

    miles per hour

  • Total population of

    76k

    is estimated

  • Regionally extinct in

    2

    African countries

  • Scientific Name

    Hippotragus equinus
  • Weight

    570 to 615 lb.
  • Size

    55 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    17 years
  • Habitat

    Savannas, woodlands, and grasslands
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    Approximately 9 months
  • Predators

    Hyenas, leopards, wild dogs, humans, lion
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Sable

  • Only

    75k

    remain

  • Native to

    11

    African countries

  • Horns can grow to

    5.5

    feet in length

  • Scientific Name

    Hippotragus niger
  • Weight

    400 to 500 lb.
  • Size

    43 to 54 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 20 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Savanna woodlands
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    260 to 280 days
  • Predators

    Humans, lions, leopards, hyenas, hunting dogs, crocodiles
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Serval

  • There are

    19

    recognized subspecies

  • Can jump up to

    10

    feet in the air

  • Native to more than

    35

    African countries

  • Scientific Name

    Leptailurus serval
  • Weight

    30 to 40 lb.
  • Size

    22 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 20 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Savannas
  • Diet

    Carnivorous
  • Gestation

    70 days
  • Predators

    Hyenas, leopards, hunting dogs
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Sitatunga / Marshbuck

  • Population of

    170K

    individuals

  • Found in more than

    20

    African countries

  • Protected areas house

    40%

    of population

  • Scientific Name

    Tragelaphus spekii
  • Weight

    100 to 240 lb.
  • Size

    45 to 50 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 19 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Aquatic
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    7.5 months
  • Predators

    Humans, pythons, crocodiles, leopards, lions
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Spring Hare

  • Native to

    8

    African countries

  • Listed in

    1996

    as 'vulnerable'

  • Concentrations of

    40

    springhares are common

  • Scientific Name

    Pedetes capensis
  • Weight

    6 to 8 lb.
  • Size

    17 in. long
  • Life span

    Up to 8 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Dry savannas
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    2 to 3 months
  • Predators

    Serval cats, caracals, wild cats, genets, mongooses, ratels, jackals, large owls
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Thomson’s Gazell / Tommies

  • Estimated population of

    550k

    individuals

  • Can run up to

    60

    miles per hour

  • Horns grow to

    17

    inches long

  • Scientific Name

    Gazella thomsonii
  • Weight

    35 to 55 lb.
  • Size

    22 to 26 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    10 to 15 years in the wild
  • Habitat

    Open plains and grassland
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    6 months
  • Predators

    Cheetahs, lions, leopards, hunting dogs, hyenas, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Near Threatened

Topi

  • Population estimate of

    300k

    individuals

  • There are

    5

    subspecies of topi

  • Regionally extinct in

    6

    African countries

  • Scientific Name

    Damaliscus lunatus
  • Weight

    200 to 300 lb.
  • Size

    3.5 to 4.5 ft. tall at the shoulder
  • Life span

    15 years
  • Habitat

    floodplains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    8 months
  • Predators

    Lions, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, hunting dogs, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Vervet Monkey

  • Troops can include

    50

    individuals

  • There are

    5

    subspecies of vervet

  • Live in areas up to

    13K

    feet in altitude

  • Scientific Name

    Cercopithecus aethiops
  • Weight

    7 to 17 lb.
  • Size

    18 to 26 in.
  • Life span

    Up to 24 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Woodland, savanna, high bush
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    5.5 months
  • Predators

    Leopards, eagles
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Vulture

  • Vultures clear up to

    70%

    of Africa’s carrion

  • In Africa there are

    11

    species of vultures

  • West Africa has lost

    90%

    of its white-backed vultures

  • Scientific Name

    Egyptian Vulture: Neophron percnopterus Hooded Vulture: Necrosyrtes monachus White-backed Vulture: Gyps africanus Rüppell’s Vulture: Gyps reuppelli
  • Weight

    4 – 11 kgs.
  • Size

    70 – 115 cm. tall
  • Life span

    Up to 20 years
  • Habitat

    Mountains, savanna, woodlands, desert
  • Diet

    Mostly carnivorous
  • Gestation

    30 – 50 days
  • Predators

    Humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Warthog

  • Males weigh up to

    50

    pounds more than females

  • Tusks grow to

    10

    inches long

  • Can run up to

    34

    miles per hour

  • Scientific Name

    Phacochoerus aethiopicus
  • Weight

    120 to 250 lb.
  • Size

    30 inches at the shoulder
  • Life span

    15 years
  • Habitat

    Savanna
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    6 months
  • Predators

    Lions, leopards, humans, crocodiles, and hyenas
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Waterbuck

  • A total of

    200k

    remain

  • Males are

    25%

    larger than females

  • Horns grow to

    40

    inches long

  • Scientific Name

    Common waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus ellipsiprymnus) Defassa waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus defassa)
  • Weight

    330 to 500 lb.
  • Size

    50 inches at the shoulder
  • Life span

    Up to 18 years in captivity
  • Habitat

    Savanna grasslands, riverine forests, woodlands
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    280 days
  • Predators

    Hyenas, lions, leopards, hunting dogs, cheetahs, crocodiles, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Wattled Crane

  • Estimated population of

    7,700

    individuals

  • Have

    1

    mate for life

  • Have a wingspan of

    8

    feet

  • Scientific name

    Bugeranus carunculatus
  • Weight

    14+ lb.
  • Size

    About 5 ft. tall
  • Life span

    20 to 30 years
  • Habitat

    Open wetlands, moist grasslands, and seasonal floodplains
  • Diet

    Omnivorous
  • Gestation

    33 to 36 days
  • Predators

    Jackals, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Vulnerable

West African Giraffe

  • Can weigh up to

    2,800

    lbs.

  • Live in herds of about

    15

    members

  • Less than

    200

    individuals left

  • Scientific Name

    Giraffa camelopardalis ssp. peralta
  • Weight

    Up to 2,800 lbs
  • Size

    16–19 ft. tall
  • Life span

    Up to 25 years
  • Habitat

    Forests to open plains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    15 months
  • Predators

    Lions, leopards, hyenas, wild dogs
  • Conservation Status

    Endangered

Wildebeest / Gnu

  • Can live to be

    40

    years old

  • Migrate close to

    1000

    miles each year

  • Can run up to

    40

    miles per hour

  • Scientific Name

    Connochaetes taurinus
  • Weight

    265 to 600 lb.
  • Size

    50 to 58 in. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    20 years
  • Habitat

    Open woodlands, open grassy plains
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    8.5 months
  • Predators

    Lions, cheetahs, hunting dogs, hyenas
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened

Zebra

  • Coats dissipate

    70%

    of heat

  • Will migrate up to

    1,800

    miles for food

  • Native to over

    15

    African countries

  • Scientific Name

    Equus Quagga
  • Weight

    Up to 770 lbs.
  • Size

    3.6 – 4.8 ft. at the shoulder
  • Life span

    20 years
  • Habitat

    Grasslands and savannas
  • Diet

    Herbivorous
  • Gestation

    13 months
  • Predators

    Lions, cheetahs, hyenas, hunting dogs, leopards, humans
  • Conservation Status

    Least Threatened